The Rioja Designation of Origin
THE RIOJA DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN
Enjoying an exceptional climate and geography, vinegrowing in Rioja dates back over 2,000 years. Through the course of the centuries the area’s dedication to wine commerce has been strengthened, with a fundamental boost in the second half of the 19th Century, when the main wineries with a modern approach were founded.
Bodegas Palacio was among these pioneers, a winery with more than 100 years of history, founded by Cosme Palacio in 1894 in Laguardia, the very heart of the Rioja Alavesa.
Since then, Rioja has continued to position itself at the cutting edge of winemaking. In 1925, it became Spain's first designation of origin. A great diversity of styles and wineries with unique personalities places Rioja among the elite of Europe's historic wine regions.
A WIDE VALLEY AND THREE SUBZONES
In the north of Spain, the D.O.Ca. Rioja extends over 100 kilometres along the headwaters of the Ebro Valley. It is divided into three large sub-zones. To the north-west, the Rioja Alta. To the southeast, the Rioja Baja. And to the north of the Ebro, the Rioja Alavesa, where the Atlantic climate and chalky-clay soils dominate, ideal for the production of the tempranillo grape variety, giving it a unique personality that shows in Bodegas Palacio's red wines.
HA. OF VINEYARDS
WINERIES ACROSS 3 SUBZONES
PERMITTED RED GRAPE VARIETIES
Garnacha, Graciano, Mazuela
PREFERRED RED GRAPE VARIETIES
PERMITTED WHITE GRAPE VARIETIES
Malvasía de Rioja, Garnacha Blanca, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Verdejo, Maturana blanca, Tempranillo blanco
PREFERRED WHITE GRAPE VARIETIES
THE DIVISION OF RIOJA
Key natural factors, above all climate, and soil, have resulted in Rioja being divided into three subzones:
A moderate continental climate, with a Cantabrian influence, the vineyards extend across chalky clay terrains with a gentle topography. The tempranillo grape variety stands out, offering balanced red wines, with an attractive ruby red colour, elegant aromas, these are stable wines, particularly apt for ageing.
The climate and fertile nature of the land give very good harvests, with perfectly ripened grapes. The drier, Mediterranean-influenced climate, and the ferrous-clay soil favours Garnacha reds; direct, aromatic wines with low acidity.
Rugged terrain, chalky soils, perfect for vine growing; the summers are short and the winters temperate, with the occasional frost but very little snow. The vineyards face south, protected by the Cantabrian mountain range.
This area produces red wines from Tempranillo with both young "cosechero" red wines and those aged in oak reaching high levels of quality.
OTHER DESIGNATIONS OF ORIGIN
The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin
In the heart of the Castilian plains, the Ribera del Duero is a recognised area with a long-standing winemaking tradition that centres on the tinta fina variety.The Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin
The Rueda Designation of Origin
The Rueda area is synonymous with very expressive white wines. Its high and flat vineyards are dominated by the verdejo grape, which expresses itself with a bright and lively elegance.The Rueda Designation of Origin
The Toro Designation of Origin
Ancient vineyards, ancestral viticulture, vines that suffer beneath the blazing sun and intense cold. A region and a wine, the Tinta de Toro, with a character that can only be born of the toughest conditions.The Toro Designation of Origin